Signs & Symptoms
For about 5-10 hours after swallowing psilocybin, desired effects of euphoria and relaxation are intertwined with distorted visions of reality, altered time perception, personal spiritual enlightenment, and a combination of senses such as tasting sounds and smelling colors. Sometimes the experience includes paranoia, anxiety, nausea, vomiting and a lack of coordination.
Signs that indicate that psilocybin is being abused coincide with drug seeking habits. Many with a psychological dependency on the drug find that despite their best efforts, they just can’t stay away from it. Their lives revolve around their inevitable next use and previous priorities begin to dissolve.
Mushrooms are not considered physiologically addictive; however, many people become psychologically dependent on the euphoric and enlightening encounters—often called trips—they experience while under the influence of the drug.
While tolerance is built after one use of psilocybin, it dissipates after only a few days as the pertinent receptors recover. Adverse effects of psilocybin abuse become apparent after prolonged and consistent abuse. These effects can consist of sleeping difficulties, mood disorders and sometimes episodes called “flashbacks,” in which bursts of memory take the abuser back to a previous trip. The use of other drugs and stress commonly precede these flashbacks.
The dangers of a psilocybin overdose rest primarily on its psychotic effects and secondarily on its physical effects. Adverse psychological symptoms of overdose—including profound panic attacks, terrifying hallucinations, delusions, alterations of time and reality and loss of personal control—can lead to physical symptoms of nausea and vomiting, fever, muscle spasms, fast or slow pulse, and difficulty breathing.
There is no treatment for a psilocybin overdose; however, medical supervision is imperative while these effects run their inevitable course to maintain healthy vital signs. An overdose episode usually lasts about 6-8 hours with some side effects lasting up to several days.